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Alopecia Areata

Alopecia aeratea is an autoimmune disorder resulting in hair loss. The immune system of the body mistakenly stops hair growth for unknown reasons. Hair loss may be patchy or sparse and may involve the rest of the body in addition to the scalp.
Causes:

  1. The condition occurs when white blood cells attack the cells in hair follicles, causing them to shrink and dramatically slow down hair production. It is unknown as to what causes the body's immune system to target hair follicles in this way.
  2. Genetics are involved, as alopecia areata is more likely to occur in a person who has a close family member with the disease. One in five people with the disease has a family member who has also developed Alopecia areata.
  3. Many people with a family history of Alopecia areata also have a personal or family history of other autoimmune disorders.
Prevention:
Consult your doctor for this problem.

Dandruff

Dandruff or Seborrhea is a common non-contagious condition of skin areas rich in oil glands like the face, scalp, and upper trunk that are marked by flaking (overproduction of skin cells) and sometimes redness and itching (inflammation) of the scalp. It varies in severity from mild flaking of the scalp to scaly, red patches.
Causes:

  1. People who do not comb or brush their hair regularly have a slightly higher risk of having dandruff - this is because they are not aiding the shedding of skin that combing or brushing provides.
  2. People with dry skin tend to get dandruff more often. Winter cold air, combined with overheated rooms is a common cause of itchy, flaking skin.
  3. People with Seborrheic dermatitis are very prone to dandruff and it affects many areas of the skin, including the backs of the ears, the breastbone, eyebrows, and the sides of the nose, not just the scalp. The patient will have red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales.
  4. Some people react to some hair care products with a red, itchy, scaling scalp. Many experts say that shampooing too often may cause dandruff as it can irritate the scalp.
  5. Some experts say that people who do not consume enough foods that contain Zinc, Vitamin B and some types of fats are more prone to dandruff.
Preventions:
Most cases of dandruff are easy to control with non-prescription home measures. These include:
  1. Frequent (daily) shampooing or a longer lather time.
  2. Stop using any hairstyling products.
  3. If a regular daily shampoo fails, consider an over-the-counter dandruff shampoo.
  4. To remove thick scale, apply warm mineral oil or olive oil and wash out several hours later with dishwashing liquid or a tar shampoo.

Hair Loss, Female Pattern Baldness (Female Pattern Alopecia)

Female Pattern Baldness (Alopecia) is a form of hair loss affecting women due to an inherited susceptibility. It is most commonly noticed after menopause, although it may begin earlier.
It is due to a combination of a family history of balding, aging, and hormones.
Causes:

  1. Hair loss in women can be triggered by about 30 different medical conditions, as well as several lifestyle factors.
  2. Women with Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) have a chronic hormonal imbalance. The body makes higher levels of androgens than expected. This often causes extra hair to sprout on the face and body, while hair on the scalp grows thinner.
  3. Intake of food that is too low in protein or too high in vitamin A.
Preventions:
  1. For mild to moderate hair thinning, creative hair styling, hair weaving, or hairpieces may be adequate to improve appearance. Protect the scalp from sunburn with a hat.
  2. If you have a cosmetically concerning hair loss with its other causes being ruled out, you might consult a surgical specialist in hair replacement.
  3. Consult your doctor for this problem.

Hair Thinning

The problem of thinning hair may grow with the age of an individual. Common causes of thinning hair may include hormonal imbalance, protein deficiency and so on. An individual should increase the intake of protein rich items in order to obtain strong and healthy hair.
Causes:

  1. Thyroid problems can cause hair to thin or be lost. Hormone changes can also affect the hair and some temporary hair loss can happen after pregnancy.
  2. Some medication can cause hair loss like anabolic steroids and the blood thinning medication Warfarin.
  3. Alopecia areata is a condition causing hair loss, which is thought to be due to problems with the body's immune system. In scarring alopecia or cicatricle alopecia hair loss, hair follicles are destroyed. This can be caused by other conditions, including lichen planus rash or discoid lupus.
  4. Eating a poor diet is unlikely to cause hair loss. However, iron deficiency anemia can result in thinning hair.
  5. Hair loss on the feet or legs may be due to circulation problems. Hair loss is also one symptom in the later stages of cirrhosis or scarring of the liver.
Preventions:
  1. Eat adequate amount of iron & leafy greens, which is essential for strong, healthy hair such as spinach, kale, chard, beans, tofu or lean cuts of red meat as they are all great sources of iron as well as biotin and zinc, two nutrients that may also play a role in hair growth.
  2. Scalp massage with argan or coconut oil. Rub in a circular motion for several minutes before you shampoo.
  3. Make a mixture of coconut oil (4 tablespoons) and lime juice (2 teaspoons) for treating the problem of thinning. Massage it with 15-20 mins.

Hair Fall

Everyone loses hair. It happens during your morning shower while you are blowing it dry or when you give it a quick brush- and that is normal. On average, we lose fifty to a hundred hairs a day. That is just hair going through its cycles and there will always be a new one to replace it, but hair loss may also be a sign of a more serious medical condition that needs an evaluation by a dermatologist and possible treatment.
Causes:

  1. Poor nutrition, including vitamin deficiencies and not getting enough protein, can cause hair loss. Crash dieting can have the same negative effect as eating a diet based on junk food.
  2. Any kind of physical trauma like surgery, a car accident, a severe illness or even flu can cause temporary hair loss.
  3. If you do not get enough protein in your diet, your body may ration protein by shutting down hair growth.
  4. Almost one in 10 women aged 20 through 49 suffers from anemia due to an iron deficiency (the most common type of anemia), which is an easily fixable cause of hair loss. You doctor will have to do a blood test to determine for sure if you have this type of anemia.
  5. Vigorous styling and hair treatments over the years can cause your hair to fall out.
Preventions:
  1. Wash hair regularly with a mild and gentle shampoo and use a good hair conditioner after hair wash.
  2. Be gentle with the hair. Always comb your hair with a good hairbrush gently. Hard strokes with hairbrush can cause hair fall and split ends.
  3. Include nutritious things in the diet because lack of protein in the diet will cause the hair loss. Include yogurt, pulses, milk, soymilk, eggs and fish in the diet on a regular basis. Eat lots of fresh fruits and vegetables to maintain levels of Zinc and Vitamin B12.
  4. Do regular and gentle massage in circular motion with fingertips on your scalp. Regular massage on head is known to increase the blood circulation in the scalp. This enhances the hair growth.
  5. Prepare fresh onion juice by grinding an onion and squeezing out the juice. Apply it on to the scalp and leave it on for half an hour. Finally, wash off with a mild cleanser and plenty of water.

Hair Loss, Male Pattern Baldness (Male Pattern Alopecia)

Male Pattern Baldness
About two out of three men experience hair loss by age 60, and most of the time it's due to male pattern baldness. This type of hair loss is caused by a combo of genes and male sex hormones and usually follows a classic pattern in which the hair recedes at the temples, thus leaving behind an M-shaped hairline.
Prevention:
Non-surgical method:

  1. The first thing to do is to get four table spoons henna leaves and a cup of mustard oil then boil them together. The mixture of the two shall be applied and massaged daily on the balding area.
Surgical method:
Please visit this link to know more.

Hair Damage

  • Blow-drying, straightening, highlighting, and perming regularly can wreak havoc on hair by leaving it brittle, broken and unmanageable. Split ends and dry hair are just two casualties of over styling. Excessive styling and heat can cause split ends, which occur when the protective outermost layer of hair (the cuticle) is damaged and peels back.
Causes:
  1. Washing it too often.
  2. Using a harsh shampoo.
  3. Excessive blow-drying or use of a curling iron or straightening iron.
  4. Exposure to sun, wind, and dry air.
  5. Perms and dyes.
  6. Poor nutrition.
  7. Certain medications.
To keep the moisture in your hair, try these tips:
Preventions:
  1. Do not wash your hair every day unless you have a scalp condition such as dandruff, which needs daily shampooing for control. When you do wash your hair, use a gentle shampoo that is designed to moisturize dry hair. Also, use a conditioner daily.
  2. Limit blow-drying and use of hot irons, hot rollers, or curling irons.
  3. Increase the time between hair treatments, such as dyes and perms.
  4. Wear a hat on cold, windy days and put on a bathing cap when swimming.

Greying of Hair

Hair greying is an eventual and irreversible reality of life and is often associated with growing old.
Causes:

  1. Thyroid Disease: An underactive or overactive thyroid can affect the melanin production in the hair, which can cause premature greying.
  2. B12 Deficiency: Deficiency of B12 has also been linked to premature greying of hair.
  3. Vitiligo: Vitiligo is a disease that is caused when the pigment producing cells in your skin and hair are damaged. Once the cells in your scalp are damaged, melanin production is reduced and hair begins to turn grey.
  4. Lifestyle choices like smoking, stress, faulty diet, nutritional deficiency, excessive use of electric dryers and hair irons.
Preventions:
  1. Indian Gooseberry (Hindi: Amla) is effective for treating premature greying of hair. Cut the berry and dry it; once it is dried, mix it with coconut oil until the matter becomes powdery and then apply it on your hair.